Op. 102 No. 1, 1st Movement

  • From fifteen years of deafness and social isolation, Beethoven developed a rich, transcendent inner life.  Through music, late Beethoven expresses a profundity and spirituality one can equate with great philosophical and religious thinkers such as a Gandi, Buddha or Jesus. Interpretation should be deep and intense, but not overly romantic and super-emotional.
  • Form a conversational partnership between piano and cello.
  • Pay attention to all markings in the score – some are difficult to interpret, but all must be respected.


Music is a higher revelation than all wisdom and philosophy. Ludwig van Beethoven

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