Op. 102 No. 1, 1st Movement

  • From fifteen years of deafness, Beethoven developed a rich inner life. Expression should not be overly romantic and super-emotional. Instead, strive for a purity, the spirituality of Late Beethoven.
  • Form a conversational partnership between piano and cello.
  • Pay attention to all markings in the score – some ae difficult to interpret, but all must be respected.


Music is a higher revelation than all wisdom and philosophy. – Ludwig van Beethoven

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