celloblog

Bernard Greenhouse: From Teacher to Colleague, Friend, and Always My Inspiration — by Paul Katz

Bernard Greenhouse: From Teacher to Colleague, Friend, and Always My Inspiration — by Paul Katz

Welcome to Bernard Greenhouse Tribute Week: December 25-January 3rd

Paul Katz
Artistic Director/Founder
CelloBello.com

It is Christmas Day 2015! Hearty Holiday Greetings to you from myself and my wonderful CelloBello staff (Jussi, Elana, Clare and Stella)!

January 3, 2016 is the 100th Birthday of Bernard Greenhouse, and in celebration of this event, it is an immense personal pleasure to be bringing you Bernard Greenhouse Tribute Week on CelloBello. From today, December 25, 2015 to January 3, 2015, we have scheduled ten days of CelloBlogs, CelloChats, seven never-before seen video conversations between myself and Bernie, photographs, Greenhouse recordings, the opportunity to ask questions online to his former students, colleagues, and daughter, Elena Delbanco… and more!

Bernie was one of my true cello heros and a man I loved and admired. Those of you who know the CelloBello.com website know that there is already a Bernard Greenhouse Legacy section—when I created the site I created CelloLegacy to pay tribute to each of my great former teachers. The videos, recordings, photos, etc., being released this week will be added to the Greenhouse Legacy and available into the future. Here is Bernie speaking in his last NPR interview:

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=93844925

“Mr. Greenhouse” came into my life as my teacher 1962-64, and eventually became “Bernie”, a life-long colleague and friend. As Greenhouse became increasingly revered as he lived into his eighties and nineties, I was frequently asked to write or speak about him. Some of my most intimate personal recollections I wrote in 2005, on the occasion of his 90th birthday, and I would like to repeat those words here:

I remember the magic of Bernard Greenhouse’s sound the first time I heard him (with The Bach Aria Group), in Pasadena, California, in 1961. The elegance, imagination, and perfection of his playing that night was an inspiration that has always stayed with me. Three months later I nearly had to kill to get tickets for The Beaux Arts Trio, but, like an addict still high from the first experience, I just had to hear that sound again. The Beaux Arts played the Dvorak “Dumky” and the Beethoven “Archduke” Trios that night, and the group and their cellist enthralled me. While listening to Bernie play, I made the decision that I must study with him, and the following September I arrived in New York to begin lessons with him.

For two inspiring years Bernie worked with me: “First, I am going to fix your left hand- hang your arm on the playing finger, roll the weight from the old to the new finger, soften the hand, prepare your shifts, align your fingers from the top to the bottom of the cello…” My facility and accuracy made giant strides. At the same time, he opened a whole new world of color for me: “Vary your bow speed and contact point, paint with your bow; modulate your vibrato to fit the dynamic and the character; experiment with fingerings, they are an important expressive tool! Don’t sing here, speak—don’t speak here, sing.” On and on, and the frustration I had always suffered from, of feeling something inside of myself but not being able to bring it out of the cello, began to lessen.

Bernie’s warmth, devotion and interest in all of his students was remarkable-he was both stern taskmaster and friend. In the summer of 1963, after a punishing season of touring, he finally got a few free weeks at his home in Wellfleet, MA. Of course, always the involved teacher, he invited this young California boy for two weeks of daily lessons, yachting and clam digging on Cape Cod. (I have become even more amazed by this generosity as the years have passed, for I also adore teaching and am close to my students, but I have never ever had the energy or devotion to take them with me on holiday!)

Years went by, the Cleveland Quartet and teaching became the shared passions of my musical life, and the warmth and humanity expressed in Bernie’s sound and his words of cello advice always stayed with me. What a thrill it was when we began to play concerts together! Of the numerous Schubert Quintet performances we did together, one of the most memorable was at the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art at a time that my quartet, the Cleveland Quartet, was playing on The Paganini Strads, a quartet of Stradivari instruments that had been matched, owned and played on by Paganini himself. Bernie’s own glorious Stradivari cello had the same nickname of “Paganini,” and he explained that this was because his cello had been the original instrument of the quartet! For some reason, the Paganini had sold Bernie’s instrument and replaced it with the Strad cello I was using. The Cleveland Quartet and Bernie all had goose bumps that night when the 5 instruments were reunited on stage, and of course, I got the additional thrill of playing with my former teacher.

On a more poignant note, I will never forget a recording session of the Brahms Sextets with the Cleveland Quartet, Pinchas Zukerman and Bernard Greenhouse in the late 1970′s (sorry, I’m not at all sure of the year). At the end of a grueling day, Bernie and I left the RCA studios in New York City and started up 6th Avenue together. Bernie was in obvious distress, barely moving forward, and it quickly became apparent that he was unable to walk and carry his cello. He told me it was only “a little angina,” but his labored gasps for air told me otherwise. I carried both instruments, helped him into a taxi, and fought back tears, for I was sure that he had little time left.

What could be more amazing and splendid then, almost 30 years later, in the year 2005, that I was able to read these words above to Bernard Greenhouse as we celebrated his 90th birthday!!

In his later years, Bernie spent more and more time on Wellfleet, MA, on Cape Cod, and being nearby Boston, I was able to see him more frequently. The video interviews I did with him that we are releasing for this tribute week are from 2008. In 2010, cello colleague and good friend Laurence Lesser made a visit with me to the ailing Bernard Greenhouse. Despite his need for oxygen, it was a spirited evening of good food, wine, Larry’s apple cake, and hours of Bernie storytelling. I am grateful for that evening—it was the last time I would see him.

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There are hundreds, probably thousands of cellists that studied with Bernard Greenhouse, that are indebted to him, love him, and have fond and heartfelt memories. And as performer and cellist of the Beaux Arts Trio, his cello playing moved decades of concertgoers and recording fans. We hope all of you will enjoy this Bernard Greenhouse Tribute Week, and that I speak for everyone when I say, “We miss you Bernie, and we Thank You!”

About the Author:

Paul Katz

Paul Katz is known to concertgoers the world over as cellist of the Cleveland Quartet, which during an international career of 26 years made more than 2500 appearances on four continents, in all of the music capitals, great concert halls and music festivals of the world. As a member of this celebrated ensemble from 1969-1995, he performed at the White House and on many television shows including “CBS Sunday Morning,” NBC’s “Today Show,” “The Grammy Awards” (in 1973, the first classical musicians ever to appear on that show,) and was seen in “In The Mainstream: The Cleveland Quartet,” a one hour documentary televised across the U.S. and Canada.

Mr. Katz has received many honors, including the American String Teacher’s Association “Artist-Teacher of the Year 2003;” Indiana University’s “Chevalier du Violoncelle,” awarded for distinguished achievements and contributions to the world of cello playing and teaching; Chamber Music America’s highest honor, The Richard M. Bogomolny National Service Award, awarded for a lifetime of distinguished service in the field of chamber music; and an Honorary Doctorate of Musical Arts from Albright College. Mr. Katz served for six years as President of Chamber Music America, the national service organization in the United States that has in its membership virtually all of the country’s 600 professional chamber music ensembles, as well as hundreds of presenting organizations, music festivals and managers. As an author, he has appeared in numerous publications and wrote the liner notes for the Cleveland Quartet’s three-volume set of the complete Beethoven Quartets on RCA Red Seal.

Mr. Katz has appeared as soloist in New York, Cleveland, Toronto, Detroit, Los Angeles, and other cities throughout North America. He was a student of Gregor Piatigorsky, Janos Starker, Bernard Greenhouse, Gabor Rejto and Leonard Rose. In 1962 he was selected nationally to play in the historic Pablo Casals Master Class in Berkeley, California and was a prizewinner in the Munich and Geneva Competitions. Of special interest to cellists are his recordings of the Dohnanyi Cello Sonata for ProArte Records and the Cleveland Quartet’s recording on Sony Classical of the Schubert two-cello quintet with Yo-Yo Ma. The Cleveland Quartet has nearly 70 recordings to its credit on RCA Victor, Telarc International, Sony, Philips and ProArte. These recording have earned many distinctions including the all-time best selling chamber music release of Japan, 11 Grammy nominations, Grammy Awards for Best Chamber Music Recording and Best Recorded Contemporary Composition in 1996, and “Best of the Year” awards from Time Magazine and Stereo Review.

In September of 2001, Mr. Katz joined the faculty of The New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, following five years at Rice University in Houston and twenty years (1976-1996) of teaching at the Eastman School of Music. He has mentored many of the fine young string quartets on the world’s stages today including the Ariel, Biava, Cavani, Chester, Harlem, Jupiter, Kuss, Lafayette, Maia, Meliora, OmerParker, T’ang and Ying Quartets. One of America’s most sought after cello teachers, his cello students, in addition to membership in many of the above quartets, have achieved international careers with solo CD’s on Decca, EMI, Channel Classics and Sony Classical.  They occupy positions in many of the world’s major orchestras including principal chairs of orchestras such as Detroit, Los Angeles,  St. Louis, Oslo, Norway and Osaka, Japan, and are members of many American symphony orchestras such as Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Los Angeles, National Symphony, Pittsburgh, Rochester and St. Louis.

Mr. Katz has been a participant at many of the world’s major summer music festivals and schools including twenty years at the Aspen Festival, Marlboro Festival, the Yale Summer School of Chamber Music, the Perlman Music Program, Yellow Barn, the Schleswig-Holstein Music Festival in Germany, ProQuartet in France, Domaine Forget, Orford, Toronto Summer Music, and the Banff Center for the Arts in Canada, the Steans Institute of The Ravinia Festival, The Heifetz Institute, and is a Director of the Shouse Artist Institute of the Great Lakes Chamber Festival. His hundreds of master classes worldwide include many of the major music schools of North and South America, Europe, Israel, Japan and China. Mr. Katz frequently sits on the juries of international cello and chamber music competitions, including the Leonard Rose International Cello Competition, the Gyeongnam International Cello Competition in Korea, and the international string quartet competitions of Banff, London, Munich, Graz and Geneva.

Paul Katz currently resides in Boston, MA with his wife, pianist Pei-Shan Lee.

Mr. Katz plays an Andrea Guarneri cello dated 1669.

Cleveland Quartet Homepage
Internet Cello Society (ICS) Interview with Paul Katz
New England Conservatory Faculty Profile
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